A History of Alcatraz Island 1853-2008

A History of Alcatraz Island 1853-2008

Book - 2008
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As one of America's most notorious prisons, Alcatraz has been a significant part of California's history for over 155 years. The small, lonely rock, known in sea charts by its Spanish name "Isla de los Alcatraces," or "Island of Pelicans," lay essentially dormant until the 1850s, when the military converted the island into a fortress to protect the booming San Francisco region. Alcatraz served as a pivotal military position until the early 20th century and in 1934 was converted into a federal penitentiary to house some of America's most incorrigible prisoners. The penitentiary closed in 1963, and Alcatraz joined the National Park Service system in 1972. Since then, it has remained a popular attraction as part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.
Publisher: Charleston, S.C. : Arcadia Pub., c2008
ISBN: 9780738558158
073855815X
Branch Call Number: 979.46 Well
Characteristics: 127 pages : chiefly illustrations ; 24 cm

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